Question: How is the discount rate determined in a capital budgeting decision?

An appropriate discount rate can only be determined after the firm has approximated the project’s free cash flow. Once the firm has arrived at a free cash flow figure, this can be discounted to determine the net present value (NPV).

How do you determine the discount rate for capital budgeting?

This means you can estimate the appropriate discount rate based on current cap rates in your market. Simply take the relevant cap rate and add in a reasonable growth estimate and you’ll have an approximate discount rate to use in your discounted cash flow analysis.

How is the discount rate determined?

How to calculate discount rate. There are two primary discount rate formulas – the weighted average cost of capital (WACC) and adjusted present value (APV). The WACC discount formula is: WACC = E/V x Ce + D/V x Cd x (1-T), and the APV discount formula is: APV = NPV + PV of the impact of financing.

How does discounting work in capital budgeting?

The discounted payback period is a capital budgeting procedure used to determine the profitability of a project. A discounted payback period gives the number of years it takes to break even from undertaking the initial expenditure, by discounting future cash flows and recognizing the time value of money.

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What does the discount rate depend on?

The discount rate used will depend on the type of analysis undertaken. Individuals should use the opportunity cost of putting their money to work elsewhere as an appropriate discount rate —simply put, it’s the rate of return the investor could earn in the marketplace on an investment of comparable size and risk.

What is the impact of discount rates on capital budgeting?

The discount rate makes it possible to estimate how much the project’s future cash flows would be worth in the present. An appropriate discount rate can only be determined after the firm has approximated the project’s free cash flow.

What is a good discount rate to use for NPV?

It’s the rate of return that the investors expect or the cost of borrowing money. If shareholders expect a 12% return, that is the discount rate the company will use to calculate NPV.

What is a good discount rate?

Usually within 6-12%. For investors, the cost of capital is a discount rate to value a business. Don’t forget margin of safety. A high discount rate is not a margin of safety.

What does higher discount rate mean?

In general, a higher the discount means that there is a greater the level of risk associated with an investment and its future cash flows. Discounting is the primary factor used in pricing a stream of tomorrow’s cash flows.

What are the capital budgeting techniques?


There are different methods adopted for capital budgeting. The traditional methods or non discount methods include: Payback period and Accounting rate of return method. The discounted cash flow method includes the NPV method, profitability index method and IRR.

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Which of the following is the first step in capital budgeting process?

Project Generation

Generating a proposal for investment is the first step in the capital budgeting process.

How do you calculate IRR manually?

Now we are equipped to calculate the Net Present Value. For each amount (either coming in, or going out) work out its Present Value, then: Add the Present Values you receive. Subtract the Present Values you pay.

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